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Friday, June 1, 2012

Electoral Cycle = Cycle of Observation

What subjects should be observed and monitored by an election organisation? The answer is sooo many.

In short, there are 3 stages of election observation: pre-election, election day, and post-election. All of them are in unity, that's why they are called as 'cycle', because it doesn't stop in one point, as long as that the country is still democracy country. 

Here is the subjects of observation that should be observed and monitored by an election monitoring organisation. It is similar like the calendar of activity of Election Management Bodies that financed by the State. 

Training for voters in 1999, conducted in a high school, where these students were the first voters.

KIPP Indonesia do almost all the activities mentioned here especially in 1998 - 2000. At that time, KIPP Indonesia had 300,000 volunteers across the country. I myself managed more less 4,000 volunteers just in KIPP Jakarta Barat, a district in the capital, in 1999.

In 2009, KIPP Indonesia monitored the presidential election and legislative election in 14 Districs and fielded 700 observers. KIPPDA or Branches of KIPP at the provincial level do the observation of pre-election accordingto the schedule of local election in their own respective region. 

1.   Legal Framework
a.  Constitution
b.  Legislation
c.  Electoral System and Boundaries
d.  Electoral Bodies
e.  Codes of Conduct
2.   Planning and Implementation
a.  Budgeting, Funding and Financing
b.  Election Calendar
c.  Recruitment and Procurement
d.  Logistic and Security
3.   Training and Education
a.  Operational Training for Election Officials
b.  Civic Education
c.  Voter Information
4.   Voter Registration
a.  Voter Registration
b.  Observer Accreditation
c.  Parties and Candidates
5.   Electoral Campaign
a.  Party Financing
b.  Media Access
c.  Code of Conduct
d.  Campaign Coordination
e.  Breaches and Penalties
6.   Voting Operation and Election Day
a.  Vote Counting
b.  Counting
c.  Special and External Counting
7.   Verification of Results
a.  Official Results
b.  Complaints and Appeals
c.  Tabulation of Results
8.   Post Election
a.  Audit and Evaluations
b.  Voter’s List Update
c.  Institutional Strengthening and Professional Development
d.  Legal Reform
e.  Archiving and Research

The author is the member of KIPP Indonesia since 1998. Now she is the Head of Foreign Affairs Department of KIPP Indonesia. She is also an International ELection Observer in some countries in Asia.

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